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Akwa Ibom State Yesterday, Today And Tomorrow Akwa Ibom State Yesterday, Today And Tomorrow

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Date added: 12/24/2012
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PROTOCOL   
It gives me a great pleasure to present the Second Distinguished Lecture of the Ibibio Academics Roundatable to mark the Silver Jubilee of the creation of Akwa Ibom State. The State was created on September 23, 1987 and celebrated its Silver Jubilee on September 23, 2012. Last year the Public Lecture was presented by Monsignor Professor Sylvanus Udoidem on the topic The Ibom Phenomenon in the Evolution and Development of Akwa Ibom State. The focus of the Lecture was on the significance of Ibom as the cradle of Ibibio civilization and as a unifying force among Akwa Ibom people who consider Ibom as a source of their origin and the supreme Ibom; that is, Akwa Ibom as their land and location today.
The topic for this year’s Lecture was supposed to be The Afaha Factor in the Settlement and Development of Akwa Ibom State. The focus of the topic was on Afaha as a mechanism of inter-group relations in Akwa Ibom State. Afaha families also exist in every Local Government Area in the state; just as Ibiaku families exist in every Local Government Area of the State. Therefore, Afaha and Ibiaku are potent instruments of unity, solidarity and development in the state.

Ibibio History: Implications for the Future Generation. Ibibio History: Implications for the Future Generation.

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Date added: 12/23/2012
Date modified: 12/23/2012
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Let me begin by thanking the organizers for the honour done to me by inviting me to come all the way from Nigeria to be part of this Global Congress of Ibibio people. I accepted the invitation out of my deep sense of commitment to the cause of Ibibio people. I had wanted to address the Congress in Ibibio language, but I was informed that there are a lot of Ibibio people present who cannot speak or understand Ibibio language so I have to suffer the agony of speaking to Ibibio people with the idioms that are foreign to them.  

There Was A Country: Achebe’s Things Fall Apart Revisited There Was A Country: Achebe’s Things Fall Apart Revisited

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Date added: 12/24/2012
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The publication of Chinua Achebe’s new book, There was a country: A personal history of Biafra, has in my opinion generated a lot of political criticisms on some of the issues raised in the text. The most topical are those that focus on the roles of General Gowon and Obafemi Owolowo in the civil war. I choose to use the expression ‘civil war’ and not Biafran war because the notion of Biafran war seems to imply that Biafra waged a war with herself, whereas the notion of civil war points to the fact that a section of one country waged a war against another section of the same country, which is exactly what happened in the Nigerian situation. This interpretation is consistent with the idea of “There was a country.”

Chinua Achebe, one of Nigeria’s foremost literary artists was the first to use the expression “Things Fall Apart” within the context of African literary discourse and output. But in the world’s literary arena, the expression is traceable to William Butler Yeats’ poem “The Second Coming.”  The text reads: “Turning and turning in the widening gyre. The Falcon cannot hear the Falconer. Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold ….” In Nigeria’s literary history Achebe was the first to use the expression and since then he has been revered as the ‘father’ of Things Fall Apart. Achebe in his own usage of the expression used it with a different context and connotation from Yeats.

Ifim ibom ibibio_the oku-ibom iii story.doc Ifim ibom ibibio_the oku-ibom iii story.doc

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Date added: 12/24/2012
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Ibibio people in Akwa Ibom State are structured into six (6) Divisions, shown below in alphabetical order :  Eket – Etinan – Ikono – Ikot Abasi – Itu – Uyo.

Ifim Ibom Ibibio is the Supreme Traditional Ruling Council of the Ibibio people. It is  made up of Paramount Rulers and Clan heads with voting Rights. Some Socio-cultural organizations and Prominent sons of Ibibio are non-voting members.

Oku-Ibom is the Supreme Traditional Ruler of Ibibio people. He is their Patriarch. He is the President of Ifim Ibom Ibibio. He must be a Paramount Ruler. His successor is his Deputy who must be a paramount Ruler from the Division that is next  in alphabetical order to the one of the Oku-Ibom. The Deputy is selected by the Paramount Rulers. When the Oku-Ibom joins Ibibio ancestors, the Deputy, by Ascension , becomes the next Oku-Ibom by Proclamation of the Paramount Rulers.  Where a Division fails or refuses to produce an Oku-Ibom, the chance passes to the next Division in alphabetical order and so on and so forth.

Ibibio people in Akwa Ibom State are structured into six (6) Divisions, shown below in alphabetical order : Eket – Etinan – Ikono – Ikot Abasi – Itu – Uyo.

Ibom Phenomenon in the Evolution and Development 3rd draft Ibom Phenomenon in the Evolution and Development 3rd draft

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You have asked me to speak on “The Ibom Phenomenon in the Evolution and Development of Akwa Ibom State.” First, because, your concern has also to do with the development of Akwa Ibom I have the liberty of extending the coverage of my address to include Akwa Ibom academics. Sometimes I might use the expression Ibibio academics interchangeably with Akwa Ibom academics. After all what is of Ibibio is also of Akwa Ibom.

I am grateful to you for the opportunity to be part of this great colloquium as the Lead paper presenter. By that you have made my paper in the Ibibio idiom the Abe-h iso inyang, ase mmono enyin mmong. I do hope that my paper will not bkho mmong, rather it would lead in the right direction so that the subsequent discussions would shed more light on “The Ibom Phenomenon,” its evolution and its role in the development of Akwa Ibom State.