Clinical Laboratory Discussion PLUS 2 replies

I’m working on a health & medical discussion question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.

Complete to following tasks related to the clinical laboratory:
Discuss the role of the clinical laboratory personnel in patient care and the medical assistant’s role in coordinating laboratory tests and results.
Describe three divisions/departments of the clinical laboratory.

Explain the three regulatory categories established by the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA).

*The role of clinical laboratory personnel in patient care are pathologist: a director who is a scientist with a doctorate degree as well as phlebotomist and laboratory technicians who receive training to collect blood specimens and preen laboratory specimens. Medical assistants are trained properly to collect patient specimens as well as performing specific test procedures within the physician office laboratory (POL). They’re also specifically trained to collect specimens to reference laboratories for training.

*Three departments of the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA) are Hematology; which is the study of blood cells and coagulation. Some tests that the department do are hemoglobin, microscopic test to determine of cells, hematocrit, etc. Another is Microbiology; the study of extremely small infectious organisms. Some tests are blood cultures, sensitivity testing, rapid strep testing, etc. Finally, Chemistry; analyzation of chemicals in the blood, spinal fluid, urine, joint fluid, etc.

* Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment was established in 1988 to ensure quality standards for all clinical laboratory testing such as accuracy, precision, reliability, and timeliness.

The medical assistant working in the physician’s office laboratory collects samples, performs tests, follows strict procedures, manages quality ,The medical assistant is trained to perform certain testing procedures, as well as in methods of collecting specimens . The medical assistant (MA) plays an important role in coordinating laboratory tests and results.
Laboratory Departments and Overview · Chemistry: Chemistry performs a wide variety of tests using the most current technology. Clinical Chemistry · Clinical Microbiology · Hematology · Blood banking and Serology (aka Immunohematology, Transfusion Medicine) · Clinical Microscopy. Clinical microbiology: This encompasses several different sciences, including bacteriology, virology, parasitology, immunology, and mycology. Microbiology: Looks for the presence of microorganisms in a variety of sample sources to determine if a patient has an infection .
The regulatory requirements of CLIA vary based on the types of tests a laboratory performs. CLIA regulatory requirements classify testing into three categories: high complexity, moderate complexity and waived. There are five different types of CLIA certifications, and each is generally effective for two years. Current Regulation: CLIA established three categories of tests: waived tests, moderate complexity tests, and high complexity tests . CLIA regulations apply to laboratory testing in all settings including commercial, hospital, and physician office laboratories .

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